Conversion of old Tibetan texts#

Offline conversion#

UTFC converter#

  • The trace foundation has supported the development of a Tibetan text converter Yalasoo UTFC:

encodings

txt

unicode txt

rtf

html

ACIP Transliteration

yes

yes

yes

yes

ALA-LC Transliteration

yes

yes

yes

yes

Bandrida

yes

no

yes

yes

Beida Founder

yes

no

no

no

Huanguang

yes

no

no

no

LTibetan

no

no

yes

yes

National Standard Extended

no

yes

yes

yes

Sambhota 1.0 (Sama)

no

no

yes

yes

Sambhota 2.0 (Dedris)

no

no

yes

yes

TCRC Bod-Yig

no

no

yes

yes

THDL Wylie

yes

yes

yes

yes

Tibetan Machine

no

no

yes

yes

Tibetan Machine Web

no

no

yes

yes

Tongyuan

yes

no

yes

yes

Unicode

no

yes

yes

yes

Wylie Transliteration

yes

yes

yes

yes

Attu#

The makers of PechaMaker have developed a Windows program that converts RTF documents that use a large number of legacy Tibetan fonts into Unicode: Attu.

Attu currently supports the conversion of the following legacy fonts into Unicode:1

  • Monlam: Monlam ouchan 1, Monlam ouchan 2, Monlam ouchan 3, Monlam ouchan 4, Monlam yigchong

  • Nitartha International (Sambhota): Dedris, Drutsa, Ededris, Khamdris, Sama

  • Tibetan Computer Company (TCC): TibetanMachine, TibetanChogyal, TibetanClassic, TibetanCalligraphic, DzongkhaCalligraphic

  • Tibetan Computing Resource Center (TCRC): TCRC Bod-Yig, TCRC Youtso, TCRC Youtsoweb

  • Tibetan Library of Works and Arts (TLWA): TB-Youtso, TB-TTYoutso, TB2-Youtso, TB2-TTYoutso

  • Others: LTibetan, LTibetanExtension, LMantra

See the Attu website for more information.

While Attu is a Windows program, is does run on Mac and Linux with Wine.

UDP#

Tibetan/Dzongkha Font Based Formats2#

A very useful conversion program for legacy Tibetan text formats is UDP. UDP converts the following legacy Tibetan text formats into Tibetan Unicode:

  • TibetanMachine

  • TibetanMachineWeb

  • Tibetan Modern A

  • Robillard (Ltibetan, etc)

  • Sambhota including Dedris, Eedris, Esama/b/c, Sama/b/c, Samw

  • TIBETBT

  • fonts derived from the “P.R.C. National Standard for Tibetan (Extension A)” (aka “Set A”). For a documentation see Chris Fynn’s website: Tibetan Extension A. Chris Fynn’s Jomolhari supports this standard.

  • TCRC Bod-Yig, TCRC Youtsoweb, TCRC Youtso

  • All Tibetan Unicode fonts (of course).

Checkout Pre-Unicode font list for download sources for most of those fonts.

How to use UDP#

First time configuration#
  1. Get a copy of UDP from UDP website and install the application. UDP can be installed on computers running Windows or on computers running Linux and Wine.

  2. Start UDP and select Options/Font... Select Unicode and chose a Unicode Tibetan font.

  3. Select Options/Advanced... and select Document are saved by default in: Unicode RTF.

Now every document you will load into UDP will be displayed using a Unicode font and will be saved by default as RTF Unicode. RTF Unicode files can be directly edited using OpenOffice or Microsoft word.

Converting files#

Note: This conversion procedures work best with Windows, but it is also possible to run UDP using Wine for Linux (see below).

TibetDoc documents:

  1. No conversion needed, continue with: Steps common to TibetDoc and Word documents

Word documents

  1. Export as RTF: Save the document containing legacy Tibetan fonts as RTF document.

  2. Simplify the RTF encoding: Many word processors (like Microsoft Word) create RTF files whose encoding is too complex for UDP to understand and that might cause UDP to crash. It is possible to simplify the RTF encoding by loading the RTF file with wordpad (comes with Windows) and directly saving the file in wordpad again. Wordpad writes the file in a format that is easier to process for UDP. Steps: (1) Load RTF file created in step 1 with wordpad. (2) Save it without changes in wordpad.

Steps common to TibetDoc and Word documents

  1. Load into UDP: Load the TibetDoc or RTF file that has been saved in steps above into UDP

  2. Create a Tibetan Unicode RTF file: In UDP, chose File/Save as... and select “Rich text Unicode” as output format.

  3. Done: Use any Unicode application (e.g. LibreOffice) to work with the resulting file.

Using UDP in Linux or OS-X with Wine#

UDP can be installed in Linux if Wine is installed. Simply start the installation program for UDP which can be downloaded from the UDP website.

Mac OS-X users need to install wine first, using for example homebrew.

Converting between Wylie and Tibetan Unicode#

See Digital Tibetan tools - Wylie

Converting Tibetan Unicode into phonetics#

See Digital Tibetan tools - phonetics

Other converters#

THDL offers a table with several Converters & Reverters For Tibetan: Tabular Survey Of Converters & Reverters For Tibetan


1

List is taken from Attu’s website

2

Table taken from UDP website